12V 15A voltage regulator

Description.
Here is the circuit diagram of a powerful 12V regulator that can deliver up to 15 A of current.The common voltage regulator IC 7812(IC1) is used to keep the voltage at steady 12V and three TIP 2599 power transistors in parallel are wired in series pass mode to boost the output current. The 7812 can provide only up to 1A and rest of the current is supplied by the series pass transistors. The 15A bridge B1 does the job of rectifying the stepped down AC input. The capacitor C1, C2 and C3 act as filters. The 1A fuse F1 protects the IC1 from over current in case if the pass transistors fail. The 15A fuse F2 protects the entire circuit (especially the pass transistors) from over current.

With high current transformer, power transistors and high current bridge the circuit is a bit costly and you may try this only if there is a serious need.

Circuit diagram with Parts list.

12v-15a-voltage-regulator-_circuit

Notes.

  • Assemble the circuit on a good quality PCB.
  • The T1 can be a 230V AC primary, 18V secondary, 15A type transformer.
  • The B1 can be a 15A bridge.
  • If 15A Bridge is not available, make one using four RURG1520CC diodes.
  • The IC1 and transistors must be mounted on heat sinks.
Custom Search

Leave a Reply

7 Responses to “12V 15A voltage regulator”

  • araltech says:

    by change the IC1 whith other possitive regulators (78xx) you can get other regulated voltages.
    not forget that choice the right capacitor voltages.

  • araltech says:

    hi
    in this circuit the transistors are in high bias and total current pass from IC1 because of low ohm on R1 .the R1 resistor must change from 10 ohm to 27 ohm 5w.

  • Seetharaman says:

    Hi Vinay the circuit diagram is correct and it is TIP2955. PNP complimentary of TIP3055.

  • Vinay says:

    Hello…

    In the above article that transistor number is TIP2599 and in the diagram it is TIP2955???? Which one is correct?

  • Jonathan says:

    At .5A throught 7815, R1 will see a 1.1V drop (discounting base current through 2955s), which will put about .5V across each emitter resistor – (.5V/.22ohm)X 5 = 11.5A or so – pretty close! The precise voltages vary a bit, and so do the actual resistances and gains, so not bad. If you used a 12V transformer, it puts out maybe 17-18V no load, so if you load it down, the voltage from the bridge will drop below a regulatable level. You have to balance desired output V&A against starting V&A and minimize the difference while maintaining a few volts for regulation buffer, thereby reducing waste heat (and keeping the 2955s cooler!)

  • Seetharaman says:

    I have tried up to 10 Amps. using < 500mA through 7815 and R1 as 2.2 ohms with 5 TIP2955s on the same IC's heat sink and emitter resistance of 0.22 ohms 2 watts each. Filter 5 X 4700uF 25volts.

  • Jonathan says:

    Has anyone tried this circuit? Probably didn’t work, because R1 is too small. Try about 1.2 ohms, instead: at 1 amp, it will put 1.2 V across the emitter resistor and E-B junction
    (.5V across the emitter resistors for 5A each)at 1amp limit
    through the IC. If T1 is 15V no load, there will be less waste heat: you’re gonna need a BIG heatsink either way. C1
    can be anything over 20,000 MFD, swap C2 with C3, and F1 isn’t needed at all.