In this project, let’s learn about a simple Stereo Amplifier Circuit. This simple circuit is designed using 4 class B audio amplifier IC’s from Philips – namely TDA1554. Amplifier circuits are usually a pain to design, as you’ve to factor many elements into consideration.
The Design of Stereo AmplifierÂ Circuit
Here is the circuit diagram of aÂ powerful and high quality stereo amplifier using IC TDA 1554.The circuit has only very few components.The circuit works best with a 4 Ohm speaker.
TDA1554 is a 4 x 11 watt integrated Class-B audio amplifier from Phillips.Since the IC can be operated from 12V it finds a lot of application in car audio systems.The TDA1554 has a lot of good features like thermal protection, reverse polarity protection, load dump protection, short circuit to ground protection, excellent ripple rejection, no switch ON/OFF thud etc. The IC can be wired in single ended or BTL (Bridge Tied Load) configuration and here in this circuit the later is used.
IC must be connected to a heat sink. AÂ computer cabinet fan can also be used in addition(not necessary).Any way better the cooling better the performance.The circuit roughly draws 5A current at 12 V at full volume.So the power supply must be any thing more than 5A.Up to 18 V can be used ,which gives a bit more power boost.Commonly used is 12 V.
R1Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 39K 1/4 Watt Resistor
C1,C2Â Â Â Â Â Â 10uf 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C3Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 100uf 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C4Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 47uf 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C5Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 0.1uf 25V Ceramic Capacitor
C6Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 2200uf 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
U1Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â TDA1554 Two Channel Audio Amp Chip
MIS Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Heatsink For U1, Binding Posts (For Output), RCA Jacks (For Input)
Stereo Amplifier Circuit Diagram .
Power supply for the this power amplifier project.
A simple 12V,5A DC unregulated power supply is shown above. If 6A bridge is not available in your place you can make one using four 6A6 diodes and there will be no difference. 6A6 isÂ a 6 ampere ,600V silicaon rectifier diode. LED D2 is added in the circuit as a power ON indicator and resistor R2 limits the current through it. Capacitor C7 is the filter capacitor while C8 is an AC bypass capacitor .S1 is the ON/OFF switch. Replacing the 9V transformer with a 12V tranformer will increase the output voltage of the power supply to around 16V and you will get some extra power from the amp.
We have more Audio amplifier circuits in our website, that you may like: