3 Band graphic equalizer circuit.

admin April 7, 2010 14 Comments

Description.

Here is a simple 3 band graphic equalizer circuit  made of a single op amp IC LF351 (IC1) and few passive components.The component values of this circuit are not very critical and can be replaced with nearest values with a little loss on the performance.This feature make it easy to be assembled from your junk box.

The opamp LF351 is wired to operate in three frequency ranges-  high,medium and low.The circuit is designed such that the circuit produces +/-20 dB boost or attenuation for 50Hz,1KHz and 10Khz by varying POT’s  R3, R6 and R9.The maximum amplification for any of these bands at maximum supply voltage is 20dB.The opamp LF 351 is wired as an inverting amplifier whose response to frequencies 50Hz,1Khz and 10KHz can be varied by adjusting POT’s R3,R6 and R9.

Circuit diagram with Parts list.

3-band-graphic-equalizer-circuit.jpg

Notes. 

  • The circuit can be operated from 6 to 24 V DC .What I recommend is 12V .
  • Use a 12V battery or 12 V DC power supply  for the circuit.
  • All capacitors must be rated 15V.
  • A 10uF/15V capacitor must be connected between +ve and -ve pins of LF351 if the power supply is far from the circuit.Not shown in circuit.
Comments
  • Michael Cox
    June 11, 2013

    Hello

    What is the name of filter system used in the circuit? (For example Sallen-Key)

    Thanks

    • Tibor
      November 30, 2013

      That interest mee too! 🙂

  • antrax92
    March 18, 2013

    hello admin! what components do you recommend if I want to build this EQ with a frequency maximum of 5KHZ?

  • ABC
    July 22, 2012

    hello sirs..
    Can this circuit process stereo input and give stereo output?

  • apc
    October 6, 2011

    hello sir
    can u please provide details about its working

  • seetharaman
    July 30, 2011

    Hi Davis you can use TL061, 71 or 81

  • SOLOMON DAVIS
    May 11, 2010

    Sir I don’t get the ic LF351 in the market.Is there any substitute for it

  • SOLOMON DAVIS
    May 11, 2010

    Sir I don’t get the ic LM351 in the market.Is there any substitute for it

    • nick
      March 8, 2015

      lm741 should work fine

  • March 24, 2010

    Hi there, could you possibly tell me the formulas to calculate the different frequencies?

    Thankyou

  • Sebastian
    March 1, 2010

    Oh, and another question:
    How is the EQ-band frequencies calculated given the component values?

  • Sebastian
    March 1, 2010

    How is the input audio signal biased correctly? Should you just leave the pins 1 and 5 (offset/null) unconnected on IC1?

  • gal
    July 27, 2009

    What is the 10uF/15V capacitor is good for and why it has to be connected only if the power supply is far from the circuit?

    • admin
      July 28, 2009

      the job of this capacitor is filtering and noise reduction (capacitor by passes high frequencies, making the DC supply more pure). If the power supply is very far away from the circuit , the supply wires may catch stray noises from the surroundings and this cannot be corrected by the filter and decoupling capacitors inside the power supply circuit.The capacitor connected across the supply lines will by pass these induces noises, making the circuit perform better. Any way this is just an extra precaution and there wont be much problem in the practical performance of the circuit even if you don’t use this capacitor.

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