Aircraft radio circuit

admin January 24, 2012 9 Comments

Description.

Here’s a low cost radio circuit that can be used to listen to the radio conversations between aircrafts. The radio circuit based on transistor 2N918 and diode 1N82 receives in the 220Mhz to 400Mhz range. Capacitor C1 and inductor L1 forms the tank circuit for tuning. Diode D1 performs the detection. Transistor T1 performs the necessary amplification. The out put audio signal is just enough to drive a small headphone. For driving speakers.

Circuit diagram with Parts list. 

aircraft-radio-circuit.JPG

Notes. 

  • Use a 45cm long wire for antenna,
  • For L1 make 2 turns of 22 AWG magnetic wire on a 5/32 steel bolt.
  • POT R5 can be used for adjusting the sensitivity.
  • Assemble the circuit on a good quality PCB.That’s an important factor.
Comments
  • Omarr
    February 27, 2015

    ok nevermind i figured it out: P(w)=V(v) x V(v)/R(ohm) =
    R1=0,0368181watt
    R2R3=0,0017234watt
    R4R5=0,017234watt
    And Check – V(v)= √”””””””””” P(w) x R(Ohm)

  • Omarr
    February 27, 2015

    ok so i have a problem:After some calculation… R1-1amp/R2,R3-2amp/R4,R5-1amp.//And the wattage : R1-1watt/R2,R3-18watt/R4,R5-1watt. So my questio is how is this possible for

    R2, R3 – 18 watts. and 47k ohm???

    V(v)=P(w)/I(A) // V=18/2=9 Volt battery.
    The mathematics is correct so is it circuit wrong or am i not smart enough?

  • noob
    November 6, 2014

    I think aircraft band is about 110~180 MHz range..

  • December 16, 2013

    What do you mean about good quality PCB. Do you mean to just be sure of the quality of soldering.
    What are equivalent diodes and transistors as the ones mentioned are hard to find. An RF buffer should be used. Try Sanyo parts “but doubtful they will work”?

    DOES THIS CIRCUIT WORK AT ALL!

  • KA1GUK
    August 20, 2011

    An RF buffer stage such as the one here:

    http://krysatec.benghi.org/phprs/images/200603311425_Superbuf.jpg

    Will help improve the performance of this receiver. Please see the notes in the link. Also note, you should use a 2N918 or eqiv. transistor. A 2N3904 will not operate at 220MHz to 400MHz.

  • seetharaman
    April 28, 2010

    Hi Enginar 1N82 is a General Purpose UHF-MW Mixer Diode
    with a Noise Figure Max. (dB)=16 and in Package=DO-7.
    you can try Sanyo 1SS345. Any point contact diode can be tried. you can try 1N4148 or 1N914 but i am doubtful about its suitability here.
    Hi Waqas you can use your cable tv input and try to receive audio of TV Band-III or cable channel S Band.

  • Waqas
    April 28, 2010

    Hello,how can we test this circiut if we have not any aircraft near to us

  • enginar
    April 17, 2010

    1N4148’i deneyebilirsin!

  • February 3, 2010

    Hello, I’m having trouble finding the 1n82 Diode. Are there any alternatives?

    Thanks

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