Automatic changeover circuit

jacky March 4, 2010 12 Comments

Description.
The circuit diagram shown here is of a automatic changeover switch using IC LTC4412 from Linear Technologies. This circuit can be used for the automatic switchover of a load between a battery and a wall adapter.LTC4412 controls an external P-channel MOSFET to create a near ideal diode function for power switch over and load sharing. This makes the LT4412 an ideal replacement for power supply ORing diodes. A wide range of MOSFETs can be driven using the IC and this gives much flexibility in terms of load current. The LT4412 also has a bunch of good features like reverse battery protection, manual control input, MOSFET gate protection clamp etc.

The diode D1 prevents the reverse flow of current to the wall adapter when there is no mains supply. Capacitor C1 is the output filter capacitor. Pin 4 of the IC is called the status output. When wall adapter input is present the status output pin will be high and this can be used to enable another auxiliary P-channel MOSFET (not shown in the circuit diagram).

Circuit diagram.

automatic changeover circuit

Notes.

  • Assemble the circuit on a good quality PCB.
  • The wall adapter input can be anything between 3 to 28V DC.
  • The battery voltage can be anything between 2.5V to 28V.
  • Do not connect loads that consume more than 2A.
  • Maximum continuous drain current of Q1 (FDN306P) is 2.5A.
  • D1 (1N5819 is a 1A Schottky diode.
  • Q1 (FDN306P) is a P-channel MOSFET.

Comments
  • Cezar Menezes
    March 30, 2015

    I think that on a p-channel MOSFET, the current must flow from Source (S) to Drain (D). It seems that the Q1 transistor (FDN306P) has its Drain and Source pins inverted in this schematic, since the current should flow from the Battery to the Load.

  • LordB1
    April 18, 2014

    the status pin on 4, can a led be attached to it? which when the status pin sense voltage the led is driven and makes it glow?? btw this can’t be employed for a main supply cut-out?? need be clear with this section..

  • fuseini sule
    March 27, 2014

    l want a complete project on automatic changeover switch

  • Gulshan bhatia
    December 17, 2013

    Dear sir
    Please do me the faver
    I have very poor knowles in electronic
    I need u r help in my dreem projects.
    Its very difficult to explain to u what going on
    my mind
    If possible please please call mi at my no 09871528860

    Regard
    Gulshan Bhatia

  • mark van
    October 31, 2013

    will the automatic changeover circuit charge the battery, too

    • Seetharaman
      November 1, 2013

      No

  • jimoh
    September 15, 2013

    atutomatic change over swtich circuit diagram

  • levi Remember
    June 13, 2013

    Need your help on circuit diagrams…..

  • Lukeman
    April 30, 2013

    I want bedini motor circuit and AFP circuit.

  • Lukeman
    April 30, 2013

    Pls i need circuit or inverter to convert 12v dc 75A to 18.5v dc 3.5A

  • October 5, 2012

    thank you for your asssist

  • Okoye chukwudubem A. K. A GENTILITY
    April 19, 2012

    Thank you for assisting me in becomin a real good ELECT ELECT ENGINEER. Thank you

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