Water level Controller

admin January 22, 2014 173 Comments
Water level controller circuit Note:- We have developed another water level controller circuit using micro controller AT89S51 from Atmel. If you are interested, read that too :- Water level controller using micro controller Are you familiar with the basics and the different applications of the 555 timer IC. If not, we recommend you 3 books that provide a very good understanding of the IC and its applications. You can check out the reviews and buy the book from our...
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How to make a Rheostat

john September 15, 2017 9 Comments
I have already explained in detail the working of a rheostat. To know more about the component click on the link below. TAKE A LOOK : POTENTIOMETER AND RHEOSTAT – WORKING AND COMPARISON Although the below explained process is not applicable for any electronic circuits, you will clearly get a clear idea on how a rheostat works. DIY Rheostat – Components The components needed for the connection are Flashlight bulb and socket Dry cell lantern battery/D-cell battery ...
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LED torch using MAX660

john April 7, 2010 20 Comments
Description. This is a simple LED torch circuit based on IC MAX660 from MAXIM semiconductors. The MAX 660 is a CMOS type monolithic type voltage converter IC. The IC can easily drive three extra bright white LEDs.The LEDs are connected in parallel to the output pin 8 of the IC. The circuit has good battery life. The switch S1 can be a push to ON switch. Circuit diagram with Parts list. Notes. Assemble the circuit on a general purpose...
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Electronic mosquito repeller

admin April 7, 2010 171 Comments
Description. Here is the circuit diagram of an ultrasonic mosquito repeller.The circuit is based on the theory that insects like mosquito can be repelled by using sound frequencies in the ultrasonic (above 20KHz) range.The circuit is nothing but a PLL IC CMOS 4047 wired as an oscillator working at 22KHz.A complementary symmetry amplifier consisting of four transistor is used to amplify the sound.The piezo buzzer converts the output of amplifier to ultrasonic sound that can be heard by the...
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Battery operated heater

john April 7, 2010 36 Comments
Description. Here is a simple heater circuit that can be operated from a 12V battery. The first part of the circuit is an astable multivibrator build around the two transistors Q1 and Q2 .The ON time of transistor Q2 is set to 0.5 S. The ON time of transistor Q1 can be varied by using the POT R2.The output pulses at the collector of Q2 is used to drive the Darlington power transistor Q3(TIP122).The transistor Q3 drives the heating...
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Plant moisture level monitor

john January 3, 2018 12 Comments
Description. Here is a simple circuit that will give a visual indication when the soil water level inside your flower pot goes low below a certain limit. The U1C and associated components are wired as an oscillator producing a 2KHz square wave. This square wave is given to one gate input of U1D via a variable potential divider former by R1 and R2.When the resistance across the probes A and B are low that is when soil moisture level...
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Night security light

john July 9, 2014 19 Comments
Description.  Here is a simple circuit switches on a light around 2 hours after midnight, the time at which most of the robberies taking place. This simple circuit is build around a CMOS IC 4060 to obtain the required timing. During day time the LDR has low resistance and keeps the pin 12 of the IC1 high, preventing the IC1 from oscillating. When it is dark the LDR resistance becomes high and the pin 12 of IC1 becomes low...
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Transistor intercom circuit.

admin April 7, 2010 109 Comments
Description. Here is a simple but effective intercom circuit that is based fully on transistors.The circuit is based on a three stage RC coupled amplifier. When the pushbutton S2 is pressed, the amplifier circuit wired around T1 & T2 becomes an astable multivibrator and starts producing the ringing signals. These ringing signals will be amplified by the transistor T3 to drive the speaker. When the push button S2 is released the circuit will behave as an ordinary amplifier and...
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Remote controlled appliance switch circuit

admin January 21, 2014 108 Comments
Description. Here is a versatile remote controlled appliance switch that can ON or OFF any appliance connected to it using a TV remote.  IR remote sensor IC TSOP 1738 is used for recieving the signal. Normally when no signal is falling on IC3 the output of it will be high.This makes Q1 OFF.When a signal of 38 KHz from the TV remote falls on the IC3 its output goes low.This makes Q1 conduct and a negative pulse is obtained...
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Puff to OFF LED circuit.

admin November 11, 2011 29 Comments
Descrption. This is a simple circuit in which the glowing LED can be switched OFF just by a puff. A condenser mic (M1) is used to sense your puff. When the push button S1 is pressed, the transistors Q2 and Q3 wired as latching pair gets activated and drives the LED to glow. The LED remains in this condition. When you puff on the condenser mic, the sound pressure is converted into a voltage signal at its output. This...
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