High & Low voltage cut-off with delay& alarm

jacky March 8, 2012 101 Comments
Description. This straight forward circuit will protect electrical appliances from over voltage as well as under voltage. The circuit also produces an alarm when the power supply comes back. An ideal circuit for home to protect your valuable equipments from voltage fluctuations. The same circuit with some modifications can be used  to make a automatic voltage stabilizer. When the mains voltage is in the normal level, the voltage at the negative terminal of zener diode D4 will be less...
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Mosquito repeller power saver

admin February 16, 2012 7 Comments
Description. Almost all liquidator type mosquito repellers are rated 5Watts. It is a pretty energy consuming game  when these repellers are operated through out the night. Even though these liquidators are switched ON and OFF in discrete intervals there will be no considerable loss in the effectiveness, and more over there will be a great saving of energy. Then why can’t we do that and that’s why I designed this circuit. The circuit is nothing but an astable multivibrator...
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Cat repeller circuit

admin February 15, 2012 5 Comments
With this cool cat/dog repeller circuit you could chase the cats  off  from any where you want. In fact, I designed this circuit to chase my cat from my computer table. Most of the animals like cats respond violently to ultrasonic sound and in fact it’s the best way to chase them off. This principle is employed in this circuit. The circuit here is nothing but an astable multivibrator wired around NE555 (IC1). The cat repellent circuit produces an...
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Infrared Motion Detector Circuit

admin August 3, 2016 255 Comments
In this tutorial, we have explained how to build a DIY (Do It Yourself) Infrared Motion Detector Circuit using 555 Timer IC, IR Diode, 2 comparator IC’s and other associated components. An Infrared Motion Detector circuit can be designed in different ways using different sort of components. This one is a low cost, easy to build one designed using inexpensive and easily available components. Note:- If you are looking for reviews of a commercial Motion Sensor/Detector to install at...
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Low cost fire alarm circuit.

admin January 21, 2014 89 Comments
Description. When there is a fire breakout in the room the temperature increases. This ultra compact and low cost fire alarm senses fire breakout based on this fact. Transistor BC177 (Q1) is used as the fire sensor here. When the temperature increases the leakage current of this transistor also increases. The circuit is designed so that when there is an increase in the leakage current of Q1, transistor Q2 will get biased. As a result when there is a...
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Rain alarm circuit

admin January 21, 2014 64 Comments
Description. Here is a simple rain alarm circuit that produces an audible alarm when ever rain falls. The rain detector circuit is based on two transistors (Q1 & Q2) and a NE555IC (IC1). The two transistors are wired as a switch which goes on when the base of Q1 is shorted to the positive of the supply by the rainwater falling on the sensor. When the transistors are ON power supply is available to the IC1 which is wired...
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USB LED Lamp circuit.

admin February 23, 2011 19 Comments
USB Lamp Circuit Description. Here is a simple USB powered lamp that can be used to light your desktop during power failures. The circuit operates from the 5 Volt available from the USB port.The 5V from the USB port is passed through current limiting resistor R2 and transistor Q1. The base of transistor Q1 is grounded via R1 which provides a constant bias voltage for Q1 together with D2.The diode D1 prevents the reverse flow of current from battery.C1...
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Remote controlled switch circuit

admin November 15, 2011 49 Comments
Remote controlled switch for Appliance Description. Here is a versatile remote controlled  switch that can ON or OFF any appliance connected to it using a TV remote. IR remote sensor IC TSOP 1738 is used for receiving the signal. Normally when no signal is falling on IC3 the output of it will be high. This makes Q1 OFF.When a signal of 38 KHz from the TV remote falls on the IC3 its output goes low.This makes Q1 conduct and...
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Sensitive Intruder Alarm Circuit

admin November 18, 2011 67 Comments
Intruder Alarm Circuit Description Here is  the circuit diagram of an ultra sensitive intruder alarm. The shadow of an intruder passing few meters nearby the circuit is enough to trigger the alarm. Here IC2 uA 741 is wired as a sensitive comparator ,whose set point is set by R6 &R7. The  voltage divide by LDR and R9 is given at non inverting pin of IC2. At standby mode these two voltages are set equal by adjusting R9. Now the...
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DoorBell circuit using UM 66 IC

admin April 27, 2011 29 Comments
Doorbell Circuit Description Here is a simple and easy to build doorbell circuit using IC UM 66.The  details of UM 66  is given in the older post “Melody Generator using UM 66″. This is a slight modification of that circuit.In the previous circuit you have to keep the switch pressed for making the IC play the full music.Here if once the push button is pressed C1 is charged and the transistor Q2 will keep the IC playing the music...
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