Archive for the ‘Power Controller Circuits’ Category

Simple DC power delay circuit

Description. The circuit diagram shown here is of a simple DC power delay circuit that is based on an SCR. This circuit is a very handy one and can be employed in many applications. The working of this circuit is very simple. When the input power is applied the capacitor C2 charges through resistor R2 and when the voltage across the capacitor just exceeds the Zener diode D3’s breakdown voltage, it breaks down and the SCR H1 is triggered and the delayed power will be available at the delayed OUT terminal. Circuit diagram. Notes. The circuit must be assembled on…

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Fuse with status indicator.

Description. Here is the circuit diagram of a fuse that has an automatic status indicator. This circuit can be added to circuit that operates from 12V DC. As long as the fuse is intact, the LED D3 will glow continuously and when the fuse blows off the LED will start and continue blinking. The first part of the circuit includes an astable multivibrator built around transistors Q1 and Q2.The output of the multivibrator is coupled to the base of Q3 via diode D2.When the fuse is intact the base of Q3 will be pulled to a positive voltage by the…

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Temperature controlled fan regulator

Description. This fan regulator circuit will automatically control the speed of your fan according to the temperature. Two thermistors (R1 and R2) are used to sense the temperature. The circuit works almost like the published here previously. Here the potentiometer is replaced by the thermistors. When the temperature is increasing the resistance of NTC thermistor ( R1) decreases and at the same time the resistance of PTC thermistor (R2) increases. At the same time, rate of change of the resistance will be different for R1 and R2.This action is similar to a potentiometer used in a conventional Triac based fan…

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Brightness controller for low power lamps.

Description. The circuit given here can be used to control the brightness of low power incandescent lamps. The circuit is based on IC NE555 which is wired as an astable multivibrator with variable duty cycle. The output of IC is connected to the base of transistor Q1.The Q1 drives the lamp. The duty cycle of the multivibrator can be varied by varying the POT R4.As a result, the brightness of the lamp varies according to the position of the POT R4.The same circuit can be also used for speed control of small DC motors. Circuit diagram with Parts list. Notes….

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Temperature controlled DC fan

Description. Here is a simple circuit based on two transistors that can be used to control the speed of a 12 V DC fan depending on the temperature.A thermistor (R1) is used to sense the temperature. When the temperature increases the base current of Q1 (BC 547) increases which in turn decreases the collector voltage of the same transistor. Since the collector of Q1 is coupled to the base of Q2 (BD 140), the decrease in collector voltage of Q1 forward biases the Q2 more and so do the speed of the motor. Also, the brightness of the LED will…

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Modified lamp dimmer circuit

Description. This is a modification of the circuit Simple Lamp Dimmer/Fan Regulator  previously  posted here. The working of the circuit is same as that of the previous, but in addition a snubber circuit consisting of resistor R4 and capacitor C3  is included to improve the performance of the triac T1. A fuse is also included for better safety. I think this is the better circuit to try . Circuit diagram with Parts list . Notes. No matter how  what ever may be the load lamp,fan , heater or anything it should be rated less than 200 Watts. No matter how …

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PWM Motor Speed Control Circuit

PWM Motor Speed Control Description Here is a simple PWM motor speed controller circuit that can be used for varying the speed of low power DC motors . The variation in speed is achieved by varying the duty cycle of the pulse supplied to drive the motor. Of the two gates of IC CD40106B , N1 is wired as an inverting Schmitt Trigger astable multi vibrator for producing pulses and N2 as an inverting buffer to drive the transistor during positive cycles at base. The duty cycle is set from resistor R2. R1 limits the base current of transistor SL…

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Simple Lamp Dimmer/ Fan Regulator

A Lamp Dimmer/Fan Regulator Circuit We have modified this circuit: – Take a look – Modified Lamp Dimmer Description . This is the circuit diagram of the simplest lamp dimmer or fan regulator.The circuit is based on the principle of power control using a Triac.The circuit works by varying the firing angle of the Triac . Resistors R1 ,R2 and capacitor C2 are associated with this. The firing angle can be varied by varying the value of any of these components. Here R1 is selected as the variable element . By varying the value of R1 the firing angle of…

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