Archive for the ‘Telephone Related’ Category

Telephone operated remote

Description. The circuit given below is of a telephone operated DTMF remote. The circuit can be used to switch up to 9 devices using the keys 0 to 9 of the telephone. Digit 0 is used to switch the telephone system between remote switching mode and normal conversation mode. IC KT3170 (DTMF to BCD decoder) is used to decode the DTMF signals transmitted over the telephone line to corresponding BCD format. IC 74154 ( 4 to 16 demultiplexer) and IC CD4023 (dual D flip flop) is used to switch the device according to the receive DTMF signal. The operation of…

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Telephone in use indicator.

Description. Here is a simple circuit that can be used as a telephone status indicator. When the telephone is in use (off hook) the transistor Q1 switches ON making the red LED D2 glow. When the telephone is not in use (on hook) the Q1 turns OFF and Q2 turns ON. This makes the red LED D2 off and green LED D3 ON. The circuit is powered from the phone line itself and no external power supply is required. Circuit diagram with Parts list. Notes. The circuit can be assembled on a general purpose PCB. IF 2A ampere bridge is…

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Telephone transmitter

Description. This is a simple, but very useful circuit that can be used to transmit telephone conversations. When the telephone receiver is on hook the voltage across the lines will be about 48 volts. The preset R7 is so adjusted to obtain a 24.7 V across between the cathode of D2 and ground. At this voltage the Zener diode D2 will be in breakdown and the transistor T1 will conduct. This makes the transistor T2 OFF. When the receiver is off hook, the line voltage drops to about 11 volts. This makes the transistor T1 OFF and subsequently the T2…

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Transistor intercom circuit.

Description. Here is a simple but effective intercom circuit that is based fully on transistors.The circuit is based on a three stage RC coupled amplifier. When the pushbutton S2 is pressed, the amplifier circuit wired around T1 & T2 becomes an astable multivibrator and starts producing the ringing signals. These ringing signals will be amplified by the transistor T3 to drive the speaker. When the push button S2 is released the circuit will behave as an ordinary amplifier and you can talk to the other side through it. To construct a two way intercom, make two identical copies of the…

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Telephone pickup preampliifer

Description. Here is a simple circuit based on IC uA 741 that can be used to pickup voice from telephone lines without even contacting the line. If a high impedance magnetic core is placed near a telephone instrument or near one of the telephone wires, it picks up inductively both sides of the telephonic conversation without any electrical contact. A preamplifier based on IC uA741 is used to pickup these signals. The circuit is nothing but an inverting amplifier whose gain depends on the feedback resistance R4.The Op-Amp produces the necessary gain to drive the headphone. The circuit can be…

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Contactless telephone ringer circuit

Description. The contact less telephone ringer circuit can produce a ring as well as a visual indication when a call comes.The main advantage is that since there is no direct contact between the phone line and the circuit there is no chance for a loading or disturbance in the telephone line.   When the telephone rings 60 Hz AC signal is generated which produces a proportional magnetic field around the telephone lines.These magnetic field will be picked up by the coil L1 due to electromagnetic induction.A proportional voltage is developed across L1 and it will bias transistor Q1 to ON.This…

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Ringing phone light flasher.

Description. This circuit can be used to glow a bulb or turn a alarm when the phone rings.Using this circuit  nuissence of telephone ring at night can be avoided. When the telephone rings the line voltage rises to 72 volts.At this time the LED in the opto-coupler glows and the transistor conducts. Due to this the transistor Q1 conducts.This makes the relay ON.The load connected to the relay whether bulb or bell turns ON.   Circuit diagram with Parts list.      Notes.  Assemble the circuit diagram on a good quality PCB or common board. Use a 5V DC power…

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FM telephone bug.

Description. A simple telephone transmitter circuit that is ideal for transmitting the telephone conversation through small distances.The circuit is very simple and uses only few components.The entire circuit can be easily included in the telephone itself or in the junction box.The circuit is powered from the telephone line itself. The transistor Q2 is wired as a a Colpitts oscillator to produce oscillations in the FM transmission band.The audio signal from the telephone line is coupled to the the base of Q2 to obtain the frequency modulation.The LED D1 acts as a power on indicator. Circuit diagram with Parts list. Notes….

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Telephone off-hook indicator

Description. The circuit depicted here can be used as an indicator when the telephone receiver is off-hook. The circuit can be in corporated with old telephones that does not have such an indicator. The circuit uses a complementary darling to pair using Q1 (2N3904)and Q2 (2n3906) to sense whether the receiver is off hook and glows a LED to show the condition. Circuit diagram with Parts list.  Notes.  The LED must glow when the circuit is not connected to the telephone line as well as when the telephone is off-hook. If the LED does not go OFF when the receiver…

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