Archive for the ‘Tutorials’ Category

Resistor Color Code Chart – Understanding Resistance Color Coding

“Color coding” is used in electronics to identify between different components. In the case of resistors, color coding is used to identify a specific resistance value, for example a 100 ohms resistor or a 1 kilo ohms resistor with 5% tolerance. Electronic components like resistors are very small in size and its difficult to print its value directly on to the component surface. Hence a standard was formed in 1920 by then Radio Manufacturers Association (now part of EIA – Electronic Industries Alliance) to identify values and ratings of electronic components by printing color codes on them.  Color coding technique…

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How to debug in Keil Microvision

In this article we will take a look at Debugging feature of Keil uVision. In Previous Article we had seen how to create project, hex file and building Project. Once you build your project and if you see 0 errors and 0 warnings you are half way through your project. Now what is debugging? Debugging is to identify and fix bugs in your project e.g. logical or synchronization problems in the code, or a design error in the hardware.First go at Debug Tab on Menu bar, click on Start/Stop Debug. [You can also start debugging by clicking on “d” at file…

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Getting Started with Keil uVision

An Introduction to Keil MicroVision Embedded system means some combination of computer hardware and programmable software which is specially designed for a particular task like  displaying message on LCD. If you are still wondering about an embedded system, just take a look at these circuit applications using 8051 microcontroller. You can call these applications embedded systems as it involves hardware (8051 microcontroller) and software (the code written in assembly language). 1. Voltmeter using 8051 2. Thermometer using 8051 3. Frequency counter using AVR Some real life examples of embedded systems may involve ticketing machines, vending machines, temperature controlling unit in…

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Bit rate Vs Baud rate – the common misconception

The two most common/confused words in digital communication – Bit rate and Baud rate. Generally, communication is concerned with transmission of data. In digital communication, there are two entities that are needed to carry out communication – the data to be transmitted and the signal over which the data is transmitted. Now, we have two entities to be worried about – the data and the signal. The most common misconception is that most people think both travel at the same speed! – NO! The difference: Digital data is very different from digital signal. The process of converting digital data to…

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How to recover/reset admin username and password of Vbulletin forum software

This article is a little off topic as it is not related to electronics! However I thought this would be useful for some one who manages a Vbulletin forum software. For those who find the name “Vbulletin” alien, it’s a forum management software. We use it to power our CircuitsToday-Forums. Recently we lost access to our “administrator” account of our forum software! There had been no way we could access the admin account and all attempts to retrieve password from our “memories” failed miserably! What next ? Well there is a solution provided by the makers of Vbulletin software. So…

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Push pull amplifier

A push pull amplifier is an amplifier which has an output stage that can drive a current in either direction through through the load. The output stage of a typical push pull amplifier consists of of two identical BJTs or MOSFETs one sourcing current through the load while the other one sinking the current from the load. Push pull amplifiers are superior over single ended amplifiers (using a single transistor at the output for driving the load) in terms of distortion and performance. A single ended amplifier, how well it may be designed will surely introduce some distortion due to…

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A Note on Character LCD Displays

There are many display devices used by the hobbyists. LCD displays are one of the most sophisticated display devices used by them. Once you learn how to interface it, it will be the easiest and very reliable output device used by you! More, for micro controller based project, not every time any debugger can be used. So LCD displays can be used to test the outputs. Obviously, for last possibility, you need to know how to use this stuff pretty well. Note 1:  We have sub divided this article for easy navigation as shown below:- 1.  Pin Configuration  2. Block…

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IMAX – The Giant Step to Movies

Let a movie be in 3-D or an ordinary 70mm projection. We have always loved it for the story, sound effects, visual effects, and many other factors. But latest technologies have improved the way in which graphics and other effects have been introduced in each frame. Out of them IMAX is the most popular. The Fox introduced the first 70mm format, the Fox grandeur in 1929. Later the Cinema scope and vista vision widened the image from 35mm. Then came IMAX with its advanced methods of film projection ever to be seen by anyone. The format was developed by a…

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MOS – Controlled Thyristor (MCT)

Out of many semiconductor controlled devices, MCT is considered to be the latest. The device is basically a thyristor with two MOSFET’s built into the gate structure. A MOSFET is used for turning ON the MCT and another one is used for turning it OFF. The device is mostly used for switching applications and has other characteristics like high frequency, high power, and low conduction drop and so on. An MCT combines the feature of both conventional four layer thyristor having regenerative action and MOS- gate structure. In this device, all the gate signals are applied with respect to anode,…

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Transformer

Most of the electronic circuits used in Circuitstoday.com have different applications of the transformer. Therefore, it is important to know the working principle, construction and types of transformers used in different analog circuits. Transformer – Working Principle A transformer can be defined as a static device which helps in the transformation of electric power in one circuit to electric power of the same frequency in another circuit. The voltage can be raised or lowered in a circuit, but with a proportional increase or decrease in the current ratings. The main principle of operation of a transformer is mutual inductance between…

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