F to V Converter

john January 27, 2014 23 Comments

F to V Converter Circuit using LM555 Timer

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Description.

Here is a very simple circuit diagram of a frequency to voltage (F to V) converter. Such a circuit finds numerous applications in projects like digital frequency meters, tachometers etc. The circuit is mainly based on a LM555 timer IC. The IC is wired in mono shot mode to convert the input frequency into a fixed pulse width, variable frequency PWM signal. Resistors R4 and capacitor C2 provides the necessary timing for the circuit. The transistor T1 forms a discharge path parallel to C2 which is necessary for re triggering the IC. Capacitor C1 acts as an input DC decoupler.

Circuit diagram.

frequency to voltage converter circuit

Notes.

  • The circuit can be assembled on a Vero board.
  • Use 12V DC for powering the circuit.
  • LM555 must be mounted on a holder.
  • The output of the circuit is not a pure DC but a PWM waveform. Additional circuitry is required to convert this PWM waveform to pure DC.

Comments
  • Kenny
    April 11, 2015

    please sir can you explain step by step the operation of the circuit.please

  • Kenny
    April 11, 2015

    sir can please explain step by step how the circuit work.
    thank you

  • Bhanu
    October 13, 2014

    will the circuit work for freq upto 200KHz ??

  • akhila
    March 23, 2014

    what is the operation of the circuit????

  • hemnath
    September 5, 2013

    hi, even though i varied the range of frequency it producing only 5v. is this designed for producing 5v.then how to increase the output voltage?

    • KK
      June 20, 2014

      REMOVE CAP C5 AND CHECK

  • IAN
    January 11, 2013

    Is it possible that you can tell me which are the timing C/R’s that establish the fixed pulse width timing and which are the ones that establish the overall time period? I am looking for a pulse width of about 1ms that can be pulsed over a period up to 1 second. Thank you in advance.

    • JimT
      April 3, 2013

      R5 and C4 determine the pulse width (multiply these to values together in farads and ohms and you will get the time constant in seconds i.e. 0.022/1000000 x 47 x 1000 = 0.001034 sec, about a milisecond) and the overall time period is determined by the input signal at IC1 pins 6 and 2.

      • elektronik
        September 21, 2013

        R5 and C4 lead to nowhere and can be omitted. C1 and R1 define the fixed pulse width, but only for square wave signal with constant amplitude. R2 and R3 can be neglected while R1 is much smaller than R2 and R3. Otherwise a paralel combination of R1, R2 and R3 with some influence of D1 and Q1 must be considered. R4 and C2 establish the overall time period or in other words the f/V ratio. The IC1 act only as comparator with hysteresis. R6 and C5 are that additional circuitry which was mentioned in the circuit description, but work only when R6 C5 time constant is longer than period of the input signal.

  • sai
    September 3, 2012

    i want explanation & operation for this circuit

  • mahsa
    April 23, 2012

    hello, i want to ask u how dose the out put look like? after conecting the circuit we couldent find pure wave for out put!

  • hanan
    April 23, 2012

    what is the output for this circuit that should appear in the oscilloscope device ??

  • seetharaman
    January 5, 2012

    This circuit is to decode contents of a modulated FM signal. This requires energy to do the job. hence it can not be used for your application. Instead use the telephone line voltage to charge the battery.

  • Ganesh
    January 4, 2012

    HI, i am refering this circuit for my project( charging battery using FM radio )
    can I give FM frequency range to this circuits. .?
    pls help me this is my first project. . .

  • shailendra
    November 16, 2010

    hellow,
    May I know the formula of conversion and its range. (F to V)
    thanks

  • seetharaman
    June 16, 2010

    Hi Vinod you can use LM331 for this application which is most suited
    http://www.national.com/ds/LM/LM231.pdf

  • vinod
    June 16, 2010

    i want the f to v converter in the range 20khz to 40 khz can i get this with some change in component value

  • April 12, 2010

    1.what is the magnitude of input signal
    2.can i convert 50Hertz frequency of AC supply into voltage
    if yes at what voltage it works

  • Jim
    October 23, 2009

    Oh, one more:

    – how can I get the inverted output?

    Thanks again.

  • Jim
    October 23, 2009

    This circuit looks like it could work for my project: speed-sensitive dimming for my LED bicycle lights. I’m using a BuckPuck 3023 LED driver, which can accept a 0-5v inverse control voltage (0v=max, 5v=off). A few questions:

    – can I power the 555 with 5v? (the ref. voltage supplied by the BuckPuck)

    – I think I want about 3.5v at 0 hz, and 0v at 150hz….what R and/or C values would need to be adjusted to get that?

    – can I use a magnetic reed switch to sense wheel rotation?

    Sorry if these are dumb questions….I don’t know much about electronics. Thanks.

  • September 19, 2009

    this ckt is titled as voltage to frequency one. but at the start of ckt description it is written HERE IS A VERY SIMPLE CIRCUIT OF FREQ TO VOLTAGE [ F TO V ] CONVERTER.PL SEND ITS CORRECTION

    • admin
      September 21, 2009

      That was a typing error from my part.
      The circuit is a frequency to Voltage converter
      Sorry for the in convenience.

      thanks for pointing the error.

      • June 6, 2013

        tell me how to input the signal? and at what frequency?thanks dear

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