FM Tracking transmitter

jacky March 8, 2012 13 Comments

Description.

The circuit presented her will transmit a audio tone in the FM  band. The circuit can be used as a tracking signal transmitter or a remote control transmitter. The circuit uses only easily available components and any one can build this. The transmitter has a range of 100m @ 9V supply, with a matching antenna.
The NE555 timer (IC1) is used for producing the audio tone. The first JFET (Q1) is wired as a Hartley oscillator which is frequency modulated by the audio tone. The second (Q2) JFET is wired as a buffer to isolate the oscillator based on Q1 from the antenna. The diode D1 is used as a varactor here. The diode is reverse biased by the ramping voltage produced at the pin 6&2 of the IC1. This results in the change of junction capacitance of reverse biased diode, which in turn alters the frequency of the oscillator to attain the frequency modulation.

Circuit diagram with Parts  list. 

fm-tracking-transmitter.JPG

Notes. 

  • The inductor L1 can be made by winding 5 turns of  18 SWG enameled copper wire on a 3/8 inch long, 3/16 inch diameter plastic tube. The coil must be tapped at the center.
  • The antenna can be a 20cm long wire.
  • The circuit can be powered from a 9V battery.
  • POT R6 can be used to adjust the transmission power.

Related Posts.

Simplest FM Transmitter                              Single chip FM Transmitter

Long Range FM Transmitter                        Single chip FM Reciever

Comments
  • Matthew
    September 24, 2018

    Two questions:
    1: Where would ground wire or – lead be in this circuit?
    2: Where would you put a switch to turn it on or off?

  • Sawant
    January 24, 2015

    can we use 3v to 5v dc power supply instead of 9v

  • sourabh sawant
    May 15, 2014

    can’t we use STK4392 instead of JFET 2N4392

  • jeganathan
    June 1, 2013

    thank u very useful

  • ashnuka
    April 9, 2012

    But what is witching JFET?I didn’t got it.

  • ashnuka
    April 9, 2012

    Thank u.

  • seetharaman
    April 9, 2012

    Hi Ashnuka 2N5555, 2N4858A, or any switching JFET will do.

  • ashnuka
    April 9, 2012

    What are the equivalent transistors for 2N4392?

  • Goutham
    May 25, 2011

    Can you please send the full report over this project .
    Which antenna should i use?

  • Goutham
    May 25, 2011

    Can you please explain how does this work.

  • KEHINDE YEKEEN
    February 19, 2011

    Well done Sir, I want to construct this project for my B.TECH programme, pls I need a full report on this fm tracking transmitter.

  • akshay
    August 5, 2010

    Need some help!

    What is center tapped?, please.

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