Simple battery charger circuit.

admin February 1, 2012 22 Comments

Description .

Here is the circuit diagram of a simple and straight forward 12 V battery charger circuit with diagram. This circuit can be used to charge all type of 12V rechargeable batteries including car batteries. The circuit is nothing but a 12V DC power supply with an ammeter for monitoring the charging current. The two diodes forms a centre tapped full wave rectifier. The capacitor filters the rectifier output to produce a clean 12V output.

Circuit diagram with Parts list. 

car-battery-charger.gif

Notes. 

  • At initial stages of charging the ammeter will read about 1 to 3 amperes.
  • As the battery is slowly charged the current slowly decreases.
  • When the battery is fully charged the ammeter reading will be zero.
  • Always be careful to connect the charger to the battery in correct polarity. Positive to positive and negative to negative.


Comments
  • kirti kumar malviya
    July 11, 2015

    Hi
    I want to make 6v 4.5 ah battery charger how can I make it.

  • bhola
    January 1, 2015

    12v 65 ah ka battery kese charge kar sakte he….12 v trnsformer se direct charge hoga kya? koi to btay?

  • wacks
    October 5, 2014

    hi nice one! I build that one but i think the power of the battery go back to capacitor and i plan to put some diod in possitive side. do you think its ok?

    • seetharaman
      October 7, 2014

      It is OK go ahead

  • saikiran
    May 1, 2014

    i want all mini projects for home applications like DC mobile charger

  • goerge
    December 5, 2012

    what changes if i use 12 amperes transformer? can 3 amp diodes will be replace to 1n4007, and how to modefied it to make auto cut off if the battery is fully charge.thanks.

  • June 25, 2012

    good sit in this one use full datas i received this site

  • arafath
    June 2, 2012

    hi i want to make an inverter for 1 light and 1 fan
    if u have any idea pls share with me

  • fawad
    May 29, 2012

    i want to make this circuit to work on 50 amps…..what should i do?

  • Seetharaman
    December 10, 2011

    Hi Qaisar LM317 is the best circuit, if you don’t use any current limiting, then 1.5amp is the max current available from 317 beyond which it is internally limited. If you want to limit to any other current level you have to use a sensing resistance and a transistor similar to the one used in our earlier article, which can be adopted for 12 volt also.
    http://www.circuitstoday.com/24v-lead-acid-battery-charger-circuit

  • Qaisar Azeemi
    December 10, 2011

    thank you very much Seetharaman. and what do you think about the chargers that are made using regulators like LM317. is this ckt also have the current limit capability of transformer.

    i wana design a powersupply with a battrey backup. i need a charger to charge the battery and i am using regulator charger using LM317. will it also limit the current or not. also is it good to use such a charger with online/battery back up power supplies?

  • Anthony
    December 9, 2011

    Hi friend,I want to make a stand alone 6v bike battery charger cum DC to AC-5A circuit.Could you please help me?

  • Seetharaman
    December 8, 2011

    Hi Qaisar the maximum current is limited by the transformer capability. You may add a 2.2 ohms in positive line,(use 2nos 6A1 rectifiers) with the discharged battery, the charging current will be to a maximum of 2 to 2.5 amps. The voltage output will be around 16 volts from the charger(24volt?). since this is a simple circuit once the charging current falls down to around 0.2amps disconnect the battery.

  • Qaisar Azeemi
    December 7, 2011

    it is quite simple charging circuit. i am afraid it will damage the battery because no current control circuit is seem here to controle the current to the battery.
    secondly will a 12V lead acid or sealed lead acid battery is capable to tolerate 25V on its input.
    hope you will guide me.

  • roger
    November 29, 2011

    Hello. I’m looking for a circuit to build a simple car battery charger ( 12v) using a 24 volt d.c charger. Thanks

  • September 17, 2010

    Hello,
    I sincerly need your help.I manufactured a fuelless engine that work with Battery only.But i need a Battery charger that can be charging the Battery while the engine is working.Please,what can i do?
    Thanks.

  • May 11, 2010

    hello….i want to asked how 2 make 12vdc battery charger or rectifier to my 35 0 35 centertop transformer?….dn what resistor will be used?..thanks

  • Jim Walker
    April 8, 2010

    1N4007 are only rated at 1Amp. 1N 5001 are rated at 3Amp. Use a 6 Amp bridge.

  • Richard Olszowy
    April 1, 2010

    Hello
    Have you a modified Circuit to show the placement and value of the resistor mentioned by the person “Leandro” ?

    Also I am wanting to also build a 6 volt charger, for a 6v Gell type of battery, similar in size to a motor bike battery.

    Can you tell me the Different Transformer and Resistor Value, and whether I should fit a Zenner in the circuit ???
    Richard.

  • shashidhar
    November 13, 2009

    Hi friend
    Can it be used for charging of battery cells? If yes, what should be the specifications of that battery cell?

  • aswathy
    December 31, 2008

    can u just briefly describe its working

  • Leandro
    June 16, 2008

    Leandro:excuse-me friend,would you help me with a doubt please? i would be glad to know if this circuit has a high eficience or if it waste a considerable part of the energy it receives. And i wonder to know if it isnt dangerous to make this circuit without any resistence like in this diagram.

    Reply: The two factors you said are correct.The circuit is not a highly efficient one.Secondly it should be better to place a resistance for limiting the charging current.But I designed this circuit to be simplest as possible.Thats why I deliberately ignored the factors you said.But there is nothing that harmful in using the circuit.It will work quite decently.But you cannot leave the circuit alone.The charging current has to be frequently monitored from the meter.And you have to disconnect the charger manually when the battery is fully charged.
    A better circuit with all factors pointed by you will be soon here.I am working on it.Thanks for the comment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *