Simple electronic fuse.

john January 18, 2011 8 Comments

Description.
This is perhaps one of the simplest electronic fuse circuit one can make. The circuit uses only one transistor, one SCR, one push button switch and two resistors.
The working of the circuit is very simple. Initially the load current flows through SCR and resistor R1.The value of R1 is so selected that, the maximum load current multiplied by the resistance of R1 is equal to 0.7 volts. When the load current exceeds the maximum value the voltage drop across R1 becomes more than 0.7V and switches transistor Q1 ON. Now the transistor completely bye passes the load current and the current through triac falls below the holding current. This makes the triac OFF. When SCR is OFF there will not be any current flow through R1 and so the voltage across it falls to 0.This makes the transistor OFF, completely isolating the load circuit.The fuse can be resetted by pressing S1.When S1 is pressed the SCR is again triggered and remains latched to conduct the load current.

Circuit diagram.

electronic-fuse

Notes.

  • The circuit can be assembled on a Vero board.
  • The value of R1 can be obtained from the equation; [Imax] X [R1] = 0.7V.
  • R2 can be obtained from the equation; R2 = [Vs] X [1K Ohms].
  • Wattage rating of R1 can be obtained from the equation; W = [Imax] X [Imax] X [R1].
  • For this circuit to work the current consumption of the load must be greater than the holding current of the SCR.
Comments
  • hemchand
    August 2, 2013

    thanks 4 sharing,good continuity .

  • dorance
    July 30, 2013

    i wonder grounding is needed for the circuit… or just plug in the input of fuse to the positive of the power source and output to the load? hope to get reply soon…. thanks….

  • Pottan
    September 3, 2012

    great one

  • Markus
    September 3, 2012

    What is the power-on behavior ?

    It looks like this circuit starts up in its off/tripped state, requiring a reset/button press every time it is powered on.

    For a fuse I find this a very undesirable feature,

  • Richarno
    September 3, 2012

    Well done!

  • Clark
    September 3, 2012

    I’m concerned about the circuit coming up in the “ON” state when Vs is first applied. Perhaps a capacitor across S1 would fix this.

  • Whisker
    February 3, 2012

    @Jhon
    I don’t think there is a ground for this circuit. This is used as a 2-terminal device, just as you would use a real fuse. But I don’t know about the surety of this circuit, though.

  • Jhon
    April 12, 2011

    One question… a dumb one.
    Where do i put the ground on the circuit or do i just plug the fuse to the positive part of my power source ?

    thanks for the diaggram

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