When the amplifier is switched on, the speaker gets popped up by a high voltage and you can hear a loud thud sound from the speaker. This stuff is very harmful to the speaker and it drastically reduces the speakerâ€™s life. The circuit shown here connects the speaker to the power amplifier output only after a few seconds the amplifier is powered ON.
A simple transistor based time delay circuit is used for attaining the purpose. The circuit is so connected to the existing amplifier that, when the amplifier is powered on the bridge D1 also gets powered through the amplifierâ€™s power switch. Capacitor C1 filters the output of bridge rectifier D1.When the power switch is made ON, the Darlington pair (Q1 and Q2) gets switched ON only after the capacitor C2 is sufficiently charged (to 0.7V) through the resistor R1. Here the value of C2 and R1 are so selected that the time delay is around 2 seconds. So the relay gets activated only after a few seconds the amplifier is powered ON and until that time the speaker will be kept isolated from the amplifierâ€™s audio output as the speaker is connected to the amplifierâ€™s output through the N/O contact of the relay. During this initial delay period the output of amplifier will be grounded by the resistor R2 through the N/C contact of the relay. This is done in order to ensure that the DC blocking capacitor at the amplifierâ€™s output is charged before it is connected to the speaker.
- The circuit can be assembled on a Vero board.
- Relay K1 must be an SPDT relay
- Voltage rating of the SPDT relay must be selected according to the supply voltage of your amplifier. For a 12V amplifier you need a 12V relay and so on.
- This circuit can be used for isolating only one speaker.
- For isolating two speakers you have to use a DPDT relay in place of K1.