555 Timer Circuits and Projects

CircuitsToday is listing some simple 555 timer circuits that have already been published in our site before. To know about the basics of NE 555 along with the timer circuit schematic, click on the links below. We recommend 3 books on the basics of 555 timer IC, that can be bought online from our store. These books are from the author Forrest M Mims, whose electronics based books have sold more than a million copies, and are being followed in many renowned universities all over the world. Check out their reviews and buy them from our online store:- 3 Great Books…

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555 Timer-Ramp Generator

Ramp Generator Circuit-using 555 Timer IC We know that if a capacitor is charged from a voltage source through a resistor, an exponential waveform is produced while charging of a capaci­tor from a constant current source produces a ramp. This is the idea behind the circuit. The circuit of a ramp generator using timer 555 is shown in figure. Here the resistor of previ­ous circuits is replaced by a PNP transistor that produces a constant charging current. Charging current produced by PNP constant current source is iC = Vcc-VE / RE where VE = R2 / (R1 + R2) *…

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555 Timer Oscillator

A voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) using the timer 555 is shown in figure. The circuit is sometimes called a voltage-to-frequency converter because the output frequency can be changed by changing the input voltage. As discussed in previous blog posts, pin 5 terminal is voltage control terminal and its function is  to control the threshold and trigger levels. Normally, the control voltage is ++2/3VCC because of the internal voltage divider. However, an external voltage can be applied to this terminal directly or through a pot, as illustrated in figure, and by adjusting the pot, control voltage can be varied. Voltage across the timing capacitor…

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555 Timer as Monostable Multivibrator

Are you familiar with the basics and applications of the 555 timer IC? Are you looking for a book that provides all these basics? If so, CircuitsToday has started an online store from where you can buy books on 555 timer IC, which have been reviewed in detail. You can go through the reviews and buy them here:- 3 Great Books to Learn 555 Timer Circuits and Projects A monostable multivibrator (MMV) often called a one-shot multivibrator, is a pulse generator circuit in which the duration of the pulse is determined by the R-C network,connected externally to the 555 timer. In…

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555 Timer as an Astable Multivibrator

An astable multivibrator, often called a free-running multivibrator, is a rectan­gular-wave generating cir­cuit. Unlike the monostable multivibrator, this circuit does not require any ex­ternal trigger to change the state of the output, hence the name free-running. Before going to make the circuit, make sure your 555 IC is working. For that go through the article: How to test a 555 IC for working An astable multivibrator can be produced by adding resistors and a capacitor to the basic timer IC, as illustrated in figure. The timing during which the output is either high or low is determined by the externally…

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555 Timer IC Working Principle

  Block Diagram of 555 timer IC:       Comparator 1 has a threshold input (pin 6) and a control input (pin 5). In most applications, the control input is not used, so that the control voltage equals +2/3 VCC. Output of this comparator is applied to set (S) input of the flip-flop. Whenever the threshold voltage exceeds the control voltage, comparator 1 will set the flip-flop and its output is high. A high output from the flip-flop saturates the discharge transistor and discharge the capacitor connected externally to pin 7. The complementary signal out of the flip-flop goes…

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555 Timer IC Block Diagram

  Block diagram for the 555 timer is given in figure. As shown in the block diagram, a 555 timer consists of two comparators (simply op-amps), an R-S flip-flop, two transistors and a resistive network Resistive network consists of three equal resistors and acts as a voltage divider. Comparator 1 compares threshold voltage with a reference voltage + 2/3 VCC volts. Comparator 2 compares the trigger voltage with a reference voltage + 1/3 VCC volts. Output of both the comparators is supplied to the flip-flop. Flip-flop assumes its state according to the output of the two compa­rators. One of the…

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555 Timer IC Basics

The 555 timer combines a relaxation oscillator, two comparators, an R-S flip-flop, and a discharge capacitor.   R-S Flip-Flop. A pair of cross-coupled transistors is shown in figure. Each collector drives the opposite base through resistance RB. In such circuit one transistor is saturated while the other is cut-off. For instance, if transistor Q1 is saturated, its collector voltage is almost zero. So there is no base drive for transistor Q2 and it goes into cut-off and its collector voltage approaches + VCC. This high voltage produces enough base current to keep transistor Q1 in saturation. On the other hand…

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555 Timer IC Pin configuration

The 555 Timer IC is available as an 8-pin metal can, an 8-pin mini DIP (dual-in-package) or a 14-pin DIP. This IC consists of 23 transistors, 2 diodes and 16 resistors. The explanation of terminals coming out of the 555 timer IC is as follows. The pin number used in the following discussion refers to the 8-pin DIP and 8-pin metal can packages.   Pin 1: Grounded Terminal. All the voltages are meas­ured with respect to this terminal. Pin 2: Trigger Terminal. This pin is an inverting input to a comparator that is responsible for transition of flip-flop from set…

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555 Timer – A Complete Basic Guide

A complete basic tutorial of 555 Timer IC. This article covers every basic aspect of 555 Timer IC. You may already know that SE/NE 555 is a Timer IC introduced by Signetics corporation in 1970′s. In this article we cover the following information about 555 Timer IC. 1. Introduction to 555 Timer IC 2. 555 Timer IC Pin Configuration 3. Basics of 555 Timer 4. Block Diagram 5. Working Principle 6. Download Data Sheet If you still need a detailed understanding of the 555 timer IC, we have reviewed 3 books in our online store. These books covers all the…

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