How to make a Rheostat

I have already explained in detail the working of a rheostat. To know more about the component click on the link below. TAKE A LOOK : POTENTIOMETER AND RHEOSTAT – WORKING AND COMPARISON Although the below explained process is not applicable for any electronic circuits, you will clearly get a clear idea on how a rheostat works. Components The components needed for the connection are Flashlight bulb and socket [1] Dry cell lantern battery/D-cell battery [2] Wire [About 15 to 17 inches and another one 2 inches] Spring [1] Wire Clippers [A pair] A typical spring can be obtained from…

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Police siren using NE555

Description. A lot of electronic circuits using NE555 timer IC are already published here and this is just another one.Here is the circuit diagram of a police siren based on NE55 timer IC. The circuit uses two NE555 timers ICs and each of them are wired as astable multivibrators.The circuit can be powered from anything between 6 to 15V DC and is fairly loud.By connecting an additional power amplifier at the output you can further increase the loudness. IC1 is wired as a slow astable multivibrator operating at around 20Hz @ 50% duty cycle and IC2 is wired as fast…

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Car subwoofer filter

Description. Here is the circuit diagram of a simple subwoofer filter that can be operated from a 12V DC supply. Such a circuit is very useful in automobile subwoofer applications. The circuit is nothing but a low pass filter whose pass frequency can be adjusted between 60 to 160 Hz. The circuit is designed around the TL072 dual BIFET opamp IC. Out of the two opamps inside the chip, IC1A is wired as a buffer. The left and right audio inputs after mixing is fed to the input of the IC1A using the DPDT switch S1. Switch S1 is the…

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Frequency to voltage converter using LM331

Description. LM331 is basically a precision voltage to frequency converter from National Semiconductors. The IC has a hand full of applications like analog to digital conversion, long term integration, voltage to frequency conversion, frequency to voltage conversion. Wide dynamic range and excellent linearity makes the IC well suitable for the applications mentioned above. Here the LM331 is wired as a frequency to voltage converter which converts the input frequency into a proportional voltage which is extremely linear to the input frequency. The frequency to voltage conversion is attained by differentiating the input frequency using capacitor C3 and resistor R7 and…

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Tachometer circuit

Description. Here is a simple circuit that can be used as a tachometer. The circuit is basically a frequency to current converter which converts the incoming signal into a proportional current to drive the meter. The deflection on the ammeter will be proportional to the frequency of the incoming signal. For using this circuit as an automobile tachometer, the input terminal A should be connected to the spark plug cable and terminal B should be connected to the vehicles ground. For calibrating the circuit, set R2 at 25K and R4 at 5K.Power up the circuit and feed the input terminal…

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F to V Converter

F to V Converter Circuit using LM555 Timer CircuitsToday.com has introduced an online store to buy books that provide the basics and applications of 555 timer IC. There are 3 books in store. You can buy them after reading our reviews. You can know more by clicking here:- 3 Great Books to Learn 555 Timer Circuits and Projects Description. Here is a very simple circuit diagram of a frequency to voltage (F to V) converter. Such a circuit finds numerous applications in projects like digital frequency meters, tachometers etc. The circuit is mainly based on a LM555 timer IC. The IC…

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Ding-Dong sound generator

Description. This is the circuit diagram of a ding dong sound generator based on two NE555 timer ICs.The circuit is designed to toggle between two adjustable frequencies to produce the ding dong sound. The first NE555 (IC1) is wires as an astable multivibrator operating at 1Hz. The frequency of the second NE555 (IC2) is modulated by the output from the first IC. This is attained by connecting the output of first IC to the control pin (pin5) of the second IC. The tone of the sound depends on the frequency of the second IC and the changeover time depends on…

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10W amplifier using TDA2003.

Description. Here is the circuit diagram of a 10W audio amplifier using the popular TDA2003 IC from SGS Thomson. The IC can easily deliver 10W to a 4 Ohms load at 18V DC supply voltage. The IC can be also operated from 12V and that makes it applicable in car audio systems. The useful features of TDA2003 includes short circuit protection between all pins, thermal overload protection, low harmonic distortion, low cross over distortion etc. The circuit given here is designed as per the datasheet from the manufacturer and found to be working fine. Capacitor C7 performs the job of…

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Lamp flasher using LM317

Description. Here is a very useful lamp flasher circuit using the famous adjustable voltage regulator IC LM317T. LM317 can source up to 1A of current and so up to 12W lamps can be used with this flasher. Such a circuit finds huge application in automobiles. The frequency of the flashing depends on the value of resistors R1 to R3 and capacitors C2 to C4.With the given values; the flashing rate is around 5 flashes per second. Circuit diagram. Notes. The circuit can be assembled on a Vero board. Use 12V DC for powering the circuit. Use a proper heat sink…

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Lamp flasher using LM395

Description. This powerful lamp flasher circuit is ideal for use in automobiles. The circuit is based on IC LM395 (also known as super transistor) which is a very powerful integrated monolithic power transistor with features such as thermal overload protection, current limiting etc. In fact this IC is almost indestructible.The IC can handle currents up to 1A and switch 40V in less than 500 nano seconds. Resistance R1 and capacitor C1 determines the frequency of flashing. With the stated values flash rate is around 1 flash per second. Circuit diagram with Parts list. Notes. The circuit can be assembled on…

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