Practical Electronics for Inventors

Today I have gone through a book Practical Electronics for Inventors written by Paul Scherz, which describes the various practical circuit ideas and designing techniques.Its 585 page big book with all basic ideas related to electronics. I am reviewing and recommending this book here,because I am getting tons of comments from newbies in electronics asking where to start,what to study, how to etc. As we all know, Electronics is a “SEA” of knowledge which cant be drunk in a day. You really need to go through some books that gives you some basic knowledge of the industry and science. I…

Read More

Battery Level Indicator

Simple Battery Level Indicator Description Here is a easy to build low battery level indicator circuit that produces a visible indication by flashing a LED when the battery voltage drops below a predetermined voltage.The circuit is based on Panasonic’s  IC MN13811G   and a efficient flasher based on transistors Q1&Q2.Here when the battery voltage drops below 2.4  V the output of the IC is activated and the flasher starts flashing.This circuit here is an ideal one for monitoring the level of all types of 3V batteries.The circuit is power efficient with a  idle current drawing as less as 1 uA  ,…

Read More

AM Transmitter circuit

Simple AM Transmitter Description Here is the circuit diagram of a simple AM transmitter circuit that can transmit your audios to your backyard.This circuit is designed with limited  power output to match the FCC regulations and still produces enough amplitude modulation of voice in the medium wave band to satisfy your personal needs.You will love this!. The circuit has two parts , an audio amplifier and a radio frequency oscillator. The oscillator is built around Q1 (BC109) and related components. The tank circuit with inductance L1 and capacitance VC1 is tunable in the range of 500kHz to 1600KHz. These components…

Read More

Single chip FM transmitter circuit

Single chip FM transmitter Description Here’s a single chip FM transmitter circuit using Maxim semiconductors IC MAX2606. The MAX2606 is a compact, high-performance intermediate frequency VCO specially designed for wireless communication circuits. They have monolithic construction with low-noise and a low-power operation in a compact 6-pin SOT23 packing .Th1s low-noise IC feature an on-chip varicap diode and feedback capacitances that avoid the need for external tuning components, making the MAX2606 perfect for portable systems. Only an external inductor is needed to set the oscillation frequency.In addition to this, an integrated differential output buffer is also there for driving a mixer…

Read More

150 Watt amplifier circuit

Low Cost 150 Watt Amplifier Circuit Description This is the cheapest 150 Watt amplifier circuit you can make,I think.Based on two Darlington power transistors TIP 142 and TIP 147 ,this circuit can deliver a blasting 150 W Rms to a 4 Ohm speaker.Enough for you to get rocked?;then try out this. TIP 147 and 142 are complementary Darlington pair transistors which can handle 5 A current and 100V ,famous for their ruggedness. Here two BC 558 transistors Q5 and Q4 are wired as pre amplifier and TIP 142 ,TIP 147 together with TIP41  (Q1,Q2,Q3) is used for driving the speaker.This…

Read More

100 Watt inverter circuit

100 Watt Inverter Description Here is a 100 Watt inverter circuit using minimum number of components.I think it is quite difficult to make a decent one like this with further less components.Here we use CD 4047 IC from Texas Instruments for generating the 100 Hz  pulses  and four 2N3055 transistors for driving the load. The IC1 Cd4047 wired as an astable multivibrator produces two 180 degree out of phase 100 Hz pulse trains.These pulse trains are  preamplifed by the two TIP122 transistors.The outputs of the TIP 122 transistors are amplified by four 2N 3055 transistors (two transistors for each half…

Read More

Remote control tester circuit

Remote control tester Description. This is a simple remote controller tester circuit  based on infrared sensor IC TSOP 1738. When the IR waves fall on the sensor it output changes to low state.This makes the transistor Q1 ON and LED will blink according to the code contained in the signal. So for press of each button the LED blinks in different ways. This is a good indication of the working of remote.The diode D1drops 0.7 V to give the IC ~ 5V supply from the available 6V . R2 is a current limiting resistance. Get a better understanding on the…

Read More

Remote controlled switch circuit

Remote controlled switch for Appliance Description. Here is a versatile remote controlled  switch that can ON or OFF any appliance connected to it using a TV remote. IR remote sensor IC TSOP 1738 is used for receiving the signal. Normally when no signal is falling on IC3 the output of it will be high. This makes Q1 OFF.When a signal of 38 KHz from the TV remote falls on the IC3 its output goes low.This makes Q1 conduct and a negative pulse is obtained at pin 2 of IC 1 NE 555. Due to this IC1 wired as a monostable…

Read More

Burglar alarm circuit

Simple Burglar Alarm Circuit Description Here is a simple but effective burglar alarm circuit that can be fixed on windows to detect break through. The circuit uses a fine wire element fixed as a network through the window  glass  for sensing the break through . Normally the base of Q1 is held to ground potential by the wire element.So Q1 will be off and SCR H1 will not be conducting,and horn will be off.When the  wire element is broken the base of Q1 will be raised to positive potential, Q1 will be on and so SCR H1 (TYN 612) will…

Read More

Function Generator Circuit

Function Generator Circuit Description. The ICL8038 is a function generator chip, capable of generating triangular, square , sine, pulse and sawtooth waveforms . From these sine, square & triangular wave forms can be made simultaneously.There is an option to control the parameters like frequency,duty cycle and distortion of these functions.This is the best function generator circuit for a beginner to start with and is of course a must on the work bench of an electronics hobbyist.The circuit here is designed to produce waveforms from 20Hz to 20 kHz.The ICL 8038 has to be operated from a dual power supply. Function…

Read More