Blinking 1 LED using 8051
This is the first project regarding 8051 and of course one of the simplest, blinking LED using 8051. The microcontroller used here is AT89S51 In the circuit, push button switch S1, capacitor C3 and resistor R3 forms the reset circuitry. When S1 is pressed, voltage at the reset pin (pin9) goes high and this resets the chip. C1, C2 and X1 are related to the on chip oscillator which produces the required clock frequency. P1.0 (pin1) is selected as the output pin. When P1.o goes high the transistor Q1 is forward biased and LED goes ON. When P1.0 goes low the transistor goes to cut off and the LED extinguishes. The transistor driver circuit for the LED can be avoided and the LED can be connected directly to the P1.0 pin with a series current limiting resistor(~1K). The time for which P1.o goes high and low (time period of the LED) is determined by the program. The circuit diagram for blinking 1 LED is shown below.
START: CPL P1.0 ACALL WAIT SJMP START WAIT: MOV R4,#05H WAIT1: MOV R3,#00H WAIT2: MOV R2,#00H WAIT3: DJNZ R2,WAIT3 DJNZ R3,WAIT2 DJNZ R4,WAIT1 RET
Blinking 2 LED alternatively using 8051.
This circuit can blink two LEDs alternatively. P1.0 and P1.1 are assigned as the outputs. When P1.0 goes high P1.0 goes low and vice versa and the LEDs follow the state of the corresponding port to which it is connected. Here there is no driver stage for the LEDs and they are connected directly to the corresponding ports through series current limiting resistors (R1 & R2). Circuit diagram is shown below.
START: CPL P1.0 ACALL WAIT CPL P1.0 CPL P1.1 ACALL WAIT CPL P1.1 SJMP START WAIT: MOV R4,#05H WAIT1: MOV R3,#00H WAIT2: MOV R2,#00H WAIT3: DJNZ R2,WAIT3 DJNZ R3,WAIT2 DJNZ R4,WAIT1 RET
When I assemble the circuit there is a slight problem .
When I press the switch it turns off
When I’m not pressing it turns on.
Can anyone follow up ?
can you help me this project by using micro c and circuit diagram
Develop a system in 8086 to Blink an LED in following order based on key press.
(a) Key pressed=>Blink LED alternate (b)Key not pressed=>Blink LED
Why is it that when i tried to run the blinking 1 led program in a simulator the led didnt blink but rather just remained on?
@stephen – You may verify the program once again. Please ensure it is correct. The problem may be with your delay routine. The delay should be significant for human eyes. Try making it around 1/2 second or more.
Hi Mark here the current requirement is <10mA, hence BC548 is good enough, if you still feel a better switching transistor will be useful here, you can sustiute with 2N2222
BC548 is a really bad transistor. It has low maximum power and maximum current limits. Should have used an 2N2222 or a MOSFET.