In this project, let’s learn how to make a Simple Proximity Detector or Sensor circuit using minimal components. A proximity detector is a fun project with lots of interesting applications to be built with. You can make very useful applications like a burglar alarm, a visitors counter, a proximity based switching application etc. This is a pretty conventional circuit designed using digital IC CS209 which has been in use for so long. In recent times, proximity based applications are developed using PIR sensors – which are available at cheap prices now.
DIY – Simple Proximity Detector
This is a simple proximity detector using IC CS209. The CS209A is a bipolar monolithic integrated circuit for use in metal detection/proximity sensing applications.The CS209A contains an oscillator set up by an external parallel resonant tank and a feedback resistor connected between pin 2 & 3 .The internal oscillator operates close to the resonant frequency of the tank circuit.
As a metal object is brought close to the inductor, the amplitude of the voltage across the tank gradually begins to drop. When the envelope of the oscillation reaches a certain level, the IC causes the outputs to toggle states. Potentiometer connected between pin 1 & 8 is adjusted to achieve a certain detection distance range. The larger the resistance the greater the trip-point distance.Detection range can be increased by using a high Q coil.Maximum possible range is 1 inch with a well tuned circuit.Only difficulty in making this circuit is the tuning up the circuit to a particular range.For making it easy place a metal piece at the desired distance from coil (with in 1 inch) and adjust resistance Rf to make one of the outputs ( pin4 or 5) to change state.
Proximity Detector Circuit Diagram
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